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Mark L. Louden


Photo by Rebecca Keiser,

General Information

Translation/Interpretation/Cultural Mediation
Public Outreach Presentations
Awards and Grants
Editorial and Other Professional Activity
Courses Taught
Graduate Students
Languages and Professional Memberships



“Horse-Buggy Rules Would Drive Amish Out of Wisconsin, Expert Says,” Karen Madden, The (Wisconsin Rapids) Daily Tribune, December 16, 2017

“Pennsylvania Dutch: The Fastest-Growing US Minority Language,” Dylan Lyons, Babbel Magazine, November 13, 2017

“I recognise every word, but I have no idea what you’re saying,” Celia Luterbacher,, November 1, 2017

“Promoting a Better Understanding of Amish Faith and Life,” Mark L. Louden, Wisconsin State Journal, May 6, 2017

Interview with me about my book originally recorded for the program PA Books (PCN/Pennsylvania Cable Network) that aired on May 15, 2016. Go to this page and click on “Pennsylvania Dutch” to access the podcast for free via iTunes.

“Who Are the Amish and Mennonites?” University of the Air, Wisconsin Public Radio, June 21, 2015

“UW Professor Straddles English, Amish, Mennonite Worlds,” Karen Herzog, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 10, 2015


General Information

Title: Professor of German

Mailing Address: Department of German, Nordic, and Slavic, 818 Van Hise Hall, 1220 Linden Drive, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI 53706; email:

Since I divide my time on campus between the Department of German, Nordic, and Slavic and the Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, email is the best way to contact me. The office for the MKI-sponsored Pennsylvania Dutch Documentation Project, which I oversee, is 413 University Club.

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1988  Ph.D. in Germanic Linguistics, Cornell University. Dissertation Title: Bilingualism and Syntactic Change in Pennsylvania German (Committee Chair: Herbert L. Kufner)

1987  M.A. in Germanic Linguistics, Cornell University

1984  A.B. (Distinction in All Subjects) in German Area Studies, Cornell University (including study at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, 1982–1983)

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Academic Employment

2003–present  Professor, Department of German, Nordic, and Slavic, UW–Madison; Affiliate Faculty Member, Religious Studies Program (since 2015); Member, Executive Committees for the Mosse-Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies (since 2000), the Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies (since 2000), and the Department of Linguistics (since 2016)

2012–present  Co-director (since 2016, Director), Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, UW–Madison

2009–2017  Director of Undergraduate Studies, Department of German, UW–Madison

2012–2013  Chair, Steering Committee for the Mayrent Institute for Yiddish Culture

2007–2008  Resident Director, Academic Year in Freiburg Program

2002–2006  Director, Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, UW–Madison

2000–2003  Associate Professor with tenure, Department of German, UW–Madison

1994–2000  Associate Professor with tenure, Department of Germanic Studies, UT–Austin

1988–1994  Assistant Professor, Department of Germanic Studies, UT–Austin

1985–1988  Teaching Assistant, Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics, Cornell University

Visiting/Exchange Teaching Experience

June 2017 Visiting Scholar, Forschungsstelle Deutscher Sprachatlas, Philipps-Universität Marburg

Summer 2016 DAAD Guest Professor, Deutsches Seminar, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

Summer 2014  DAAD Guest Professor, Deutsches Seminar, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

Summer 2012  DAAD Guest Professor, Deutsches Seminar, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

Summer 2004  DAAD Guest Professor, Institut für Germanistische Sprachwissenschaft, Philipps-Universität Marburg

Summer 2002  Exchange Professor, Institut für Anglistik, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

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Translation/Interpretation/Cultural Mediation Experience

2011–present  Pennsylvania Dutch–English/English–Pennsylvania Dutch translation, court interpretation, and cultural mediation assisting child protective and social services, health care, speech-language pathology, agricultural extension, legal, and law enforcement professionals in multiple U.S. states, including Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin

2018–2021  Collaborator on grant project, Integrated Metabolomics, Microbial Genomics, and Immune Profiling in Early Infancy to Identify Biomarkers for Allergic Disease Prevention, PI Dr. Christine Seroogy, Collaborative Health Sciences Program, Wisconsin Partnership Program, UW School of Medicine and Public Health; duties include consulting on the creation of questionnaires to be administered to Amish participants in a study investigating how farm-related microbial exposures in infancy are related to protection from allergic diseases later in life; assisting with interviews; helping to disseminate information on the findings of the study

2015–present  Translation and proofreading of German-language materials for use in Old Colony Mennonite schools in Mexico in conjunction with the Old Colony Mennonite Support Project

2014–present  Member, Advisory Board, Improving Newborn Screening in Wisconsin Amish and Mennonite Communities, UW School of Medicine and Public Health

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Public Outreach Presentations

Each year, as part of my work on behalf of the Max Kade Institute, I deliver between twenty and twenty-five public outreach presentations to community groups, mainly in Wisconsin. Many of these are sponsored by the UW Speakers Bureau. Here is a list of the topics on which I have presented most recently.

“The Amish and Health Care”

“The Amish and Their Languages”

“The Amish in Wisconsin”

“The German Language in Wisconsin”

“The German Presence in Wisconsin”

“Germanic Dialect Humor”

“Germans and Native Americans in Wisconsin”

“Health Care Advocacy for Plain People”

“Languages of the Amish, Mennonites, and Hutterites”

“The Legacy of the Radical Reformation in the United States”

“Reading the Old German Script” (all-day workshop)

“What Is Yiddish?”

“Who Are the Amish?”

“Working with Amish and Mennonite Communities” (all-day workshop)

“Yiddish in Wisconsin Newspapers”

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Awards/Grants for Teaching and Research

2016  Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Prize, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). Acceptance speech: “Was is deitsch? Was ist deutsch?”; laudation by Prof. Dr. Peter Auer; [English-language press release accessible here; English translation of acceptance speech accessible here]

2014  Statewide Outreach Incentive Grant, UW–Madison, to present “The Amish of Wisconsin: A New Wave of Immigrants to the Badger State,” Chippewa Valley Museum, Eau Claire (February 15, 2014); UW–Oshkosh (March 4, 2014)

2011  Chancellor’s Distinguished Teaching Award, UW–Madison

Spring 2010, Fall 2010, Spring 2011  Honored Instructor Award, University Housing, UW–Madison

2006–2008  Vilas Associate research award for book project Pennsylvania Dutch: The Story of an American Language, UW–Madison

2003–2007  Principal Investigator, Institute of Museum and Library Services National Leadership Grant for American Languages project ($234,000); final report in .pdf format available on request

2003  Course development grant for Yiddish Language and Culture, Mosse-Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies

2002–present  Fellow, UW–Madison Teaching Academy

1995–1996  President’s Associates Teaching Excellence Award, UT–Austin

1992  Summer Research Award, Dean’s Office, College of Liberal Arts, UT–Austin.

1989  University Research Institute Summer Research Award, UT–Austin, Project title: Bilingualism and Syntactic Change in the Pennsylvania German of Old Order Amish Communities in Texas

1987–1988  Olin Mathieson Charitable Trust Fellowship, Cornell University

1986  Clark Distinguished Teaching Award, College of Arts and Sciences, Cornell University

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Editorial and Other Professional Activity

2014–present, Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Germanic Linguistics, Cambridge University Press

2013–present  Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

2011–present  Member, Editorial Board, Jahrbuch für Internationale Germanistik

2006–present  Member, Advisory Board, Sprachwissenschaft

2005–present  Member, Editorial Board, Yearbook of German-American Studies

2003–present  Member, Editorial Board, Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik

2001–present  Member, Editorial Board, Monatshefte

2005–2016  Member, International Advisory Board for the Institut für Deutsche Sprache, Mannheim

2004–2014  Consulting Editor, Journal of Germanic Linguistics, Cambridge University Press

2002–2006  Series Editor, Studies of the Max Kade Institute, UW–Madison

2000–2004  Chair of Editorial Board, Journal of Germanic Linguistics, Cambridge University Press

1999–2005  Member, Advisory Board, General Linguistics

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2016. Pennsylvania Dutch: The Story of an American Language. Johns Hopkins University Press. Pp. xxii, 473. Reviews: Canadian Mennonite, Vol. 20, Issue 12; Pennsylvania Heritage, Summer 2016, p. 42; Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage, July 2016, vol. 39, no. 3, p. 125; LancasterOnline, August 26, 2016Mennonite World Review, October 10, 2016; H-TGS, H-Net Reviews, November 2016; Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies 4 (2) (Autumn 2016): 222–227; Communal Societies 36 (2): 182–187; Journal of Germanic Linguistics 29 (2): 195–204Mennonite Quarterly Review 91 (2): 267–269Journal of American History 104 (1): 171–172; Journal of Mennonite Studies 35: 422–424

Coedited Books

in preparation Varieties of German Worldwide, ed. by Hans C. Boas, Ana Deumert, Mark L. Louden, and Péter Maitz. Under contract with Oxford University Press.

2001  A Word Atlas of Pennsylvania German, by Lester W. J. Seifert†, ed. by Mark L. Louden, Howard Martin, and Joseph C. Salmons. Max Kade Institute.

Translated Book

2006  Der Glee Prins, translation into Pennsylvania Dutch of Le Petit Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. Edition Tintenfass.

Compact Disc and Companion Booklet

2007  German Words – American Voices / Deutsche Wörter – Amerikanische Stimmen, Max Kade Institute, UW–Madison. This is a collection of twelve sound clips of German-American dialects translated into English and German, with commentaries and an introductory essay.


in preparation “Pennsylvania Dutch.” Varieties of German Worldwide, ed. by Hans Boas, Ana Deumert, Mark L. Louden, and Péter Maitz.

under review “Minority Germanic Languages.” In: The Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics, ed. by B. Richard Page and Michael T. Putnam.

forthcoming  “Deutsch als Minderheitensprache in Nordamerika.” Language and Space. Volume 4. Deutsch, ed. by Joachim Herrgen and Jürgen Erich Schmidt.

2017  “The Pennsylvania German Language.” In: Pennsylvania Germans: An Interpretive Encyclopedia, ed. by Simon J. Bronner and Joshua R. Brown, pp. 79–107. Johns Hopkins University Press.

2012  “Pennsylvaniadeutsch in Geschichte und Gegenwart.” In: Pfälzisch in aller Welt, ed. by Jörg Meier and Albrecht Greule, pp. 59–76. Weidler Verlag.

2011  “Amerikanisches Missingsch: Syntaktische Folgen des Kontakts zwischen Niederdeutsch und Hochdeutsch in Wisconsin.” In: Dynamik des Dialekts – Akten des 3. Kongresses der Internationalen Gesellschaft für Dialektologie des Deutschen (IGDD), ed. by Elvira Glaser, Jürgen Erich Schmidt, and Natascha Frey, pp. 207–220. Franz Steiner.

2011  “Synchrony and Diachrony of Verb Clusters in Pennsylvania Dutch.” In: Studies on German-Language Islands, ed. by Michael T. Putnam, pp. 165–185. John Benjamins.

2011  (with lead author Jürg Fleischer) “Das Amish Swiss German im nordöstlichen Indiana: eine alemannisch-pfälzische Mischmundart?” In: Alemannische Dialektologie – Wege in die Zukunft, ed. by H. Christen, S. Germann, W. Haas, N. Montefiori, and H. Ruef, pp. 231–244. Franz Steiner.

2009  “Das Wisconsin-Pommersche im Spiegel deutsch-amerikanischer Sprachvarietäten.” In: Niederdeutsches Jahrbuch 132: 165–176.

2008  “Die Alde un Neie Zeide: Old and New Times for the Pennsylvania Dutch Language.” In: Der Reggeboge: Journal of the Pennsylvania German Society 42.2.3–18.

2008  “Synthesis in Pennsylvania German Language and Culture.” In: Die deutsche Präsenz in den USA / The German Presence in the U.S.A., ed. by Josef Raab and Jan Wirrer, pp. 671–699. Lit Verlag.

2006  “Pennsylvania German in the Twenty-first Century.” In: Sprachinselwelten – The World of Language Islands, ed. by Nina Berend and Elisabeth Knipf-Komlósi, pp. 89–107. Peter Lang.

2006  “Patterns of Language Maintenance in German-American Speech Islands.” In: Studies on Contact Linguistics: Essays in Honor of Glenn G. Gilbert, ed. by Janet Fuller and Linda Thornburg, pp. 127–145. Peter Lang.

2006  “Edward H. Rauch’s Pennsylvania Dutch Hand-Book.” In: Preserving Heritage: A Festschrift for C. Richard Beam, ed. by Joshua R. Brown and Leroy T. Hopkins, Jr. Yearbook of German-American Studies, Supplemental Issue, Vol. 2, pp. 111–122.

2005  “The Logic of Nonstandard Syntax” (Discussion Article). In: Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 72: 167–182.

2005  “Grundzüge der pennsylvaniadeutschen Satzstruktur.” In: Moderne Dialekte, neue Dialektologie. Akten des 1. Kongresses der Internationalen Gesellschaft für Dialektologie des Deutschen 2003 (ZDL Beiheft 130), ed. by E. Eggers, J. E. Schmidt, and D. Stellmacher, pp. 253–265. Franz Steiner Verlag.

2005  (with coauthor B. Richard Page) “Stable Bilingualism and Phonological (Non)Convergence in Pennsylvania German.” In: ISB4: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism, ed. by J. Cohen, K. McAlister, K. Rolstad, and J. MacSwan, pp. 1384–1392. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

2003  “Edward H. Rauch.” In: Pennsylvania German Review, Fall 2003, 27–40.

2003  “An Eighteenth-century View of Pennsylvania German and Its Speakers.” In: German Language Varieties Worldwide: Internal and External Perspectives, ed. by William D. Keel and Klaus J. Mattheier, pp. 69–85. Peter Lang.

2003  “Minority-Language ‘Maintenance by Inertia’: Pennsylvania German among Nonsectarian Speakers.” In: “Standardfragen”: Festschrift für Klaus J. Mattheier zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. by Jannis Androutsopoulos and Evelyn Ziegler, pp. 121–137. Peter Lang.

2001  “Sociolinguistic Views of I. B. Singer.” In: The Hidden Isaac Bashevis Singer, ed. by Seth L. Wolitz, pp. 62–75. University of Texas Press.

2001  “The Development of Pennsylvania German Linguistics within the Context of General Dialectology and Linguistic Theory.” In: A Word Atlas of Pennsylvania German, by Lester W. J. Seifert†, pp. 7–52. Max Kade Institute.

2000  “African-Americans and Minority Language Maintenance in the United States.” In: Journal of Negro History 85: 223–240.

2000  “Umlaut, Ablaut, and Phonetic Symbolism in German.” In: General Linguistics 37: 1–22.

2000  “Contact-Induced Phonological Change in Yiddish: Another Look at Weinreich’s Riddles.” In: Diachronica 17: 85–110.

1999  “Incomplete L1-Acquisition: The Morphosyntax of Kaspar Hauser.” In: Proceedings of the Boston University Conference on Language Development 23, pp. 419–430. Cascadilla Press.

1997  “Linguistic Structure and Sociolinguistic Identity in Pennsylvania German Society.” In: Languages and Lives: Essays in Honor of Werner Enninger, ed. by James R. Dow and Michèle Wolff, pp. 79–91. Peter Lang.

1994  “Patterns of Sociolinguistic Variation in Pennsylvania German.” In: The German Language in America, 1683-1991, ed. by Joseph C. Salmons, pp. 284–306. Max Kade Institute.

1994  “Syntactic Change in Multilingual Speech Islands.” In: Sprachinselforschung: Eine Gedenkschrift für Hugo Jedig, ed. by Nina Berend and Klaus J. Mattheier, pp. 73–91. Peter Lang.

1993  “Variation in Pennsylvania German Syntax: A Diachronic Perspective.” In: Proceedings of the International Congress of Dialectologists 1990, Bamberg, FRG-Volume II, Historical Dialectology and Linguistic Change, ed. by Wolfgang Viereck, pp. 169–179. Franz Steiner Verlag.

1992  “German as an Object-Verb Language: A Unification of Typological and Generative Approaches.” In: On Germanic Linguistics: Issues and Methods, ed. by I. Rauch, G. F. Carr, and R. L. Kyes, pp. 217–231. Mouton de Gruyter.

1992  “Old Order Amish Verbal Behavior as a Reflection of Cultural Convergence.” In: Diachronic Studies on the Languages of the Anabaptists, ed. by K. Burridge and W. Enninger, pp. 264–278. Universitätsverlag Dr. N. Brockmeyer.

1992  “Language Contact and the Relationship of Form and Meaning in German.” In: Recent Developments in Germanic Linguistics, ed. by Rosina Lippi-Green, pp. 115–125. John Benjamins.

1991  “The Image of the Old Order Amish: General and Sociolinguistic Stereotypes.” In: National Journal of Sociology 5: 111–142.

1990  “Verb Raising and the Position of the Finite Verb in Pennsylvania German.” In: Linguistic Inquiry 21: 470–477.

1989  “Syntactic Variation and Change in Pennsylvania German.” In: Studies on the Languages and Verbal Behavior of the Pennsylvania Germans, Volume 2 (ZDL Beiheft 64), ed. by W. Enninger, J. Raith, and K.-H. Wandt, pp. 29–40. Franz Steiner Verlag.

1987  “Bilingualism and Diglossia: The Case of Pennsylvania German.” In: Leuvense Bijdragen 76: 17–36.

Review Articles

2016  “A Quiet Diversity in the Land: Mennonites in Ontario.” In: Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies 4(1): 106–111.

2003  “Child Language Acquisition and Language Change.” In: Diachronica 20: 167–183.

Book Reviews and Notices

forthcoming  Review of Martyrs Mirror: A Social History, by David L. Weaver-Zercher. To appear in Yearbook of German-American Studies.

2017  Review of Die Stellung der deutschen Sprache in der Welt, by Ulrich Ammon. In: Monatshefte 109: 673–675.

2017  Review of Phraseme im bilingualen Diskurs. “All of a sudden geht mir ein Licht ayf”, by Mareike Keller. In: Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 83: 228–229.

2016  Review of Luther und die deutsche Sprache: 500 Jahre deutsche Sprachgeschichte im Lichte der neueren Forschung, by Werner Besch. In: Monatshefte 108: 635–637.

2016  Review of A Harmony of the Spirits: Translation and the Language of Community in Early Pennsylvania, by Patrick M. Erben. In: Yearbook of German-American Studies 50 (2015): 223–226.

2015  Review of Why Cows Need Names and Other Secrets of Amish Farms, by Randy James. In: Oral History Review 42: 394–396.

2015  Review of Citizens in a Strange Land: German-American Broadsides in North America, 1730–1830, by Hermann Wellenreuther. In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Winter 2014–15.

2014  Review of Two Troubled SoulsAn Eighteenth-Century Couple’s Spiritual Journey in the Atlantic World, by Aaron Spencer Fogleman. In: Yearbook of German-American Studies 49 (2014): 258–260.

2014  Review of Deutsch-amerikanische Kalender des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts: Bibliographie und Kommentar / German-American Almanacs of the 18th and 19th Centuries: Bibliography and Commentary, ed. by York-Gothart Mix. In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Fall 2014.

2013  Review of The Catholic Bohemian German of Ellis County, Kansas: A Unique Bavarian Dialect, by Gabriele Lunte. In: Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 80: 103–105.

2012  Review of The Chosen Folks: Jews on the Frontier of Texas, by Bryan Edward Stone. In: Yearbook of German-American Studies 47: 132–135.

2009  Review of Jewish and Non-Jewish Creators of “Jewish” Languages, with Special Attention to Judaized Arabic, Chinese, German, Greek, Persian, Portuguese, Slavic (Modern Hebrew/Yiddish), Spanish, and Karaite, and Semitic Hebrew/Ladino, by Paul Wexler. In: Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 76: 258–260.

2004  Review of Crossing the Divide: Language Transition among Canadian Mennonite Brethren, 1940–1970, by Gerald C. Ediger; Language and Language Use of the Amish and of Mennonite Groups of Swiss-German Origin, ed. by Werner Enninger et al. In: Mennonite Quarterly Review 78: 317.

2002  Notice for A Short History of Structural Linguistics, by Peter Matthews. In: Diachronica 19: 214.

2002  Notice for Step by Step: Essays in Honor of Howard Lasnik, ed. by Roger Martin et al. In: Diachronica 19: 213–214.

2002  Notice for Angemessene Strukturen: Systemorganisation in Phonologie, Morphologie und Syntax, ed. by Andreas Bittner et al. In: Diachronica 19: 208.

2002  Review of Images of Language: German Attitudes to European Languages from 1500 to 1800, by William Jervis Jones. In: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 38: 200–201.

2000  Notice for Morphology-Driven Syntax: A Theory of V to I Raising and pro-Drop, by Bernhard Wolfgang Rohrbacher. In: Diachronica 17: 479.

2000  Review of Deutsch kontrastiv: typologisch-vergleichende Untersuchungen zur deutschen Grammatik, ed. by Heide Wegener. In: Studies in Language 24: 723–729.

2000  Notice for Der monolinguale und bilinguale Erwerb von Infinitivkonstruktionen: Ein Vergleich von Deutsch und Englisch, by Ira Gawlitzek-Maiwald. In: Language 76: 726.

2000  Notice for Syntax des Bairischen: Studien zur Grammatik einer natürlichen Sprache, by Helmut Weiß. In: Language 24: 724–725.

2000  Notice for Lexikalische Kategorien und Merkmale, ed. by Elisabeth Löbel and Gisela Rauh. In: Language 76: 725–726.

2000  Review of Sprachwandel und Sprachmischung im Jiddischen, by Eckhard Eggers. In: Diachronica 16: 363–368.

2000  Notice for The Syntax of Subordination, by Dagmar Haumann. In: Language 76: 218–219.

2000  Notice for Deiktikon, Artikel, Nominalphrase: Zur Emergenz syntaktischer Struktur, by Nikolaus P. Himmelmann. In: Language 76: 217–218.

2000  Notice for The Acquisition of Dutch, ed. by Annick De Houwer and Steven Gillis. In: Language 76: 217.

1999  Review of Einführung in die Dialektologie des Deutschen, by Hermann Niebaum and Jürgen Macha. In: Michigan Germanic Studies 25: 83–87.

1996  Review of Language Change and Language Structure: Older Germanic Languages in a Comparative Perspective, ed. by T. Swan, E. Mørck, and O. J. Westvik. In: American Journal of Germanic Linguistics and Literatures 8: 317–322.

1995  Review of Dialektsyntax, ed. by W. Abraham and J. Bayer. In: Studies in Language 19: 264–273.

Other Publications and Blog Posts

2018 “Samuel Ernst and the German Language,” Anabaptist Historians blog, January 4, 2018

2017 “Mennonites, Amish, and the Pennsylvania Dutch Language,” Anabaptist Historians blog, October 6, 2017

2016 “A Trip to the Haslibacher Farm.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Winter 2016–2017.

2015 “A Poetic Pennsylvania Dutch Voice During World War I.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Fall 2015.

2010  “Germanistik in den USA,” written with Thomas Lovik. In: Germanistik und Deutschunterricht in 9 Ländern, a biannual review of German studies worldwide published by the Institut für Deutsche Sprache–Mannheim, pp. 61–65.

2009  “Research Notes: Dialect Shift in Freistadt, Wisconsin.” In MKI Friends Newsletter, Fall 2009.

2008  “They Thought He Was a ‘Kraut’.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Winter 2008.

2008  “Germanistik in den USA,” written with Thomas Lovik. In: Germanistik und Deutschunterricht in 11 Ländern, a biannual review of German studies worldwide published by the Institut für Deutsche Sprache–Mannheim, pp. 75–80.

2008  Obituary article for William G. Moulton. In: Language 84.1.161–169.

2007  “Eine nordamerikanische ‘Heemet’.” In: Alemannisch dunkt üs guet, Heft 3/4, 2007, pp. 19–21.

2007  “Amish and Mennonite Communities and Villages” (Encyclopedia Entry). In: The American Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia ed. by Richard Sisson, Christian Zacher, and Andrew Cayton, p. 632. Indiana University Press.

2006  “A Spiritual Journey” (Introductory Essay). In: Mennonites in Texas: The Quiet in the Land, by Laura L. Camden and Susan Gaetz Duarte, pp. 13–23. Texas A&M University Press.

2005  How German Is American? educational poster and companion booklet, coauthored with Cora Lee Kluge, Kevin Kurdylo, and Antje Petty. Max Kade Institute.

2004  “Elias Molee and the Dream of an International Language.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Winter 2004.

2004  “Yiddish in Milwaukee.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Fall 2004.

2003  “Pennsylvaniadeutsch.” In: Der Sprachdienst 6/03.

2003  “Teaching German in Early America.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Winter 2003.

2003  “Howling with the Wolves in Wisconsin.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Fall 2003.

2003  “Two German-American Urban Legends.” In: MKI Friends Newsletter, Spring 2003.

2000  Memorial essay for Edgar C. Polomé, coauthored with Carol F. Justus and Robert D. King, American Journal of Germanic Linguistics and Literatures 12:181–186.

1990  Translation of Die Litanei by Ludwig Soumagne into Pennsylvania Dutch, Verlag van Acken, pp. 76–77.

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Presentations (since 2000)


10/17 “How Gemixt Are the Pickles? Germanic Dialect Humor in America,” Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, UW–Madison.

9/17 “Interkulturalität in der Sprache: Kontakt zwischen Deutsch und Englisch in den USA,” Beijing Humboldt Forum, China. [My last name in Chinese: 劳 ‘láo’ 盾 ‘dùn’.]


7/17 “The Story of the Pennsylvania Dutch Language,” Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society, Lancaster, PA.

6/17 “Pennsylvaniadeutsch im 21. Jahrhundert,” Universität Erfurt.

4/17 “Lutherans and Reformed and the Maintenance of Pennsylvania Dutch,” Annual Symposium, Society for German-American Studies, Philadelphia.

4/17 “Mudderschprooch und Mameloshn: Pennsylvaniadeutsch und Jiddisch an der Schnittstelle zwischen Germanistik und Judaistik,” Germanistische Begegnungstagung Kanada USA, DAAD, Toronto.

4/17 “This World Is Not My Home: Heritage Language Maintenance in Christian and Jewish Faith Communities,” People of Faith, Voices of Tradition: Germanic Heritage Languages among Christians and Jews, Max Kade Institute, UW–Madison.

3/17 “Pennsylvania Dutch in the 21st Century,” Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures, Penn State University.

11/16 “The Pennsylvania Dutch and German America,” Germany Meets the US – Campus Days, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.

11/16 “Yiddish in Wisconsin: A View from the English-Language Press,” Viskonsin! Tales of Yiddish Wisconsin, Mayrent Institute for Yiddish Culture, UW–Madison.

11/16 “Apparent-Time Syntactic Change in Pennsylvania Dutch,” German Abroad 2, University of Texas at Austin.

10/16 “Faith and Tradition: The Pennsylvania Dutch Language, Past and Present,” Amish and Mennonite Heritage Center, Berlin, OH.

10/16 “Heimat, Heemet, Home: Where Are the Pennsylvania Dutch?”, Keynote Address, Heimat: Living, Loving, and Leaving Home, German and Dutch Graduate Student Association Conference, UW–Madison.

9/16 “Was is deitsch? Was ist deutsch?”, Acceptance Speech, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Prize, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Bayreuth, Germany.


7/16 “Infinitivkonstruktionen im Pennsylvaniadeutschen,” Linguistisches Colloquium, Philipps-Universität Marburg.

6/16 “Continuity and Change in Pennsylvania Dutch, 1963–2013,” Plenary Address, Continuity and Change: 50 Years of Amish Society, Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College.

5/16 “Pennsylvaniadeutsch – Geschichte und Gegenwart einer nordamerikanischen Sprache,” Deutsches Seminar, Universität Zürich.

4/16 “Faith and Language: Pennsylvania Dutch, Past and Present,” Annual Fundraising Dinner, Mennonite Heritage Center, Harleysville, PA.

4/16 “Dutchmen and Deitschlenner: The Pennsylvania Dutch Language and German America,” German Society of Pennsylvania.

4/16 “The Pennsylvania Dutch Recordings of J. William Frey,” Mayrent Institute for Yiddish Culture, UW–Madison.

10/15 “Pennsylvaniadeutschtum: Pennsylvania Dutch Identity during the World War I Era,” Outside the Kaiserreich: The German Diaspora in the World War I Era, Max Kade Institute/Department of German, UW–Madison.


7/15 “The Language of Pennsylvania German Folk Art,” Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library, Winterthur, DE.

7/15 “Das Pennsylvaniadeutsche als (auslands)pfälzische Sprache,” Linguistisches Colloquium, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

6/15 “Infinitive Constructions in Pennsylvania Dutch,” Workshop on the Syntax of Language Islands, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

5/15 “Wisconsin’s German Heritage,” Max Kade Institute Annual Meeting and Banquet, UW–Madison.

4/15 “Das Pennsylvaniadeutsche im 21. Jahrhundert,” Mundarttage Bockenheim 2015 / 10. Deutsch-Pennsylvanischer Tag, Bockenheim an der Weinstraße, Germany. Click here for a newspaper article on this event.

3/15 “Pennsylvania Dutch in the 21st Century,” 2015 Carolyn Engel Luebeck Lecture, Department of Germanic Languages and Literatures, Ohio State University.

3/15 “Busch un Schteddel: Pennsylvania Dutch Views of Rural and Urban Life in Nineteenth-Century Pennsylvania,” Fraktur and the Everyday Lives of Germans in Pennsylvania and the Atlantic World, 1683–1850, The McNeil Center for Early American Studies, Philadelphia, PA.

1/15 “Pennsylvania Dutch in the Public Eye,” UW–Madison Language Institute.

12/14 “Synchrony and Diachrony of Infinitival Constructions in Pennsylvania Dutch,” Dialect Syntax – The State of the Art, Syntax Hessischer Dialekte (SyHD) Workshop, University of Frankfurt.


7/14 “Pennsylvaniadeutsch im Spiegel deutsch-amerikanischer Sprachvarietäten,” German abroad – Perspektiven der Variationslinguistik, Sprachkontakt- und Mehrsprachigkeitsforschung, University of Vienna.

6/14 “Deitsch, Deutsch und Verdeitschtes Deutsch: zur frühen Dokumentation des Pennsylvaniadeutschen,” Linguistisches Colloquium, Philipps-Universität Marburg.

 4/14 “The Linguists’ Friend: Der Bauern Freund of Sumneytown, PA,” Society for German-American Studies Annual Symposium, Milwaukee.

3/14 “From the Pages of the Milvoker Vokhenblat,” Viskonsin! Tales from Yiddish Wisconsin, Mayrent Institute for Yiddish Culture, UW–Madison.

1/14 “Wir wollen frey und independent seyn! Documenting Pennsylvania Dutch Language and Culture in Early German-American Newspapers,” Newspapers and Transculturality: New Approaches to Working with Historical Newspapers, University of Heidelberg.

11/13 “Documenting the Pennsylvania Dutch Language,” Thomas R. Brendle Symposium, Schwenkfelder Library and Heritage Center, Pennsburg, PA.

9/13 “The Economy of Lexical Borrowing: The English ‘Infusion’ in Pennsylvania Dutch, 4th Annual Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas, University of Iceland.


6/13 “Mir schwetze noch Deitsch: The Amish and the Pennsylvania Dutch Language in the 21st Century,” Amish America: Plain Technology in a Cyber World, Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College.

3/13 “Introducing the Pennsylvania Dutch Documentation Project,” Max Kade Institute, UW–Madison.

9/12 “Heritage Language Maintenance and Conservative Religious Communities in North America,” Third Workshop on Immigrant Languages in America, Penn State University.


7/12 “Pragmatics in German-English Contact in America,” Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg.

6/12 “Syntaktische Bidialektalität im Pennsylvania(hoch)deutschen,” Philipps-Universität Marburg.

4/12 “Documenting Early Sectarian Pennsylvania Dutch Syntax,” Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference–18, Indiana University.

3/12 “En verhuddeldi Schprooch? Pennsylvania Dutch Past and Present,” Distinguished Visitors Program, Haverford College.

9/11 “Extraclausal Structures in Amish Varieties of Pennsylvania Dutch,” Second Workshop on Immigrant Languages in America, sponsored by the University of Oslo and held at the Fefor Høifjellshotell, Vinstra, Norway.

9/11 “Documentation of Wisconsin Platt Dialects in the Max Kade Institute Sound Archive,” 16th Annual International Plattdüütsch Konferenz, Wausau, Wisconsin.


8/11 “Aspect in the Verbal System of Pennsylvania Dutch and European German Dialects,” Methods in Dialectology 14, “Dialect and Regiolect Syntax,” University of Western Ontario.

7/11 “Yiddish and Language Maintenance in the United States,” Greenfield Summer Institute/Mosse Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies, UW–Madison.

2/11 “Music of the Old Order Amish,” Max Kade Institute, University of Wisconsin–Madison.

9/10 “Two Dialects, One Syntax: Wisconsin High German as Relexified Pomeranian,” Investigating Immigrant Languages in America, Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures, UW–Madison.


3/10 “Language and Spiritual Heritage: Maintenance of German and Yiddish in Conservative Religious Communities,” Representing and Experiencing Transnationalism: Germanic Languages and Cultures in Global Perspective, Worldwide Universities Network/Max Kade Institute, University of Wisconsin–Madison.

2/10 “Language, Homeland, and Spiritual Heritage: Maintenance of German and Yiddish Varieties among Conservative Religious Groups in the United States,” Language as Homeland Symposium, University of Wisconsin–Madison.

11/09 “Pennsylvania Dutch and Language Contact in the United States,” Marquette University Linguistics Club.

11/09 “Introducing Students to German Linguistics,” Wisconsin Association of Foreign Language Teachers Annual Conference, Appleton, WI.

9/09 “Pomeranian Immigrants and Dialect Shift in Wisconsin,” Language and Immigration Workshop, Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures, UW–Madison.

9/09 “Amerikanisches Missingsch: Morphosyntaktische Folgen des Kontakts zwischen Niederdeutsch und Hochdeutsch in Wisconsin,” 3. Kongress der Internationalen Gesellschaft für Dialektologie des Deutschen, Universität Zürich.


5/09 “Wisconsin Pomeranian Morphosyntax,” Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference–15, Banff.

5/09 “The Commodification of Pennsylvania Dutch Language and Ethnicity,” Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference–15, Banff.

3/09 “Dialect Shift in Wisconsin German,” Germanic Linguistics Colloquium, UW–Madison.

10/08 “Die Alde un Neie Zeide: Old and New Times for the Pennsylvania Dutch Language,” Professor J. William Frey Memorial Pennsylvania German Lecture, Franklin and Marshall College.

9/08 “Das Amish Swiss German von Berne, Indiana: eine alemannisch-pfälzische Mischmundart?” 16. Arbeitstagung zur alemannischen Dialektologie, Universität Freiburg/Schweiz, coauthored with and presented by Jürg Fleischer (Philipps-Universität Marburg).


7/08 “Zur Typologie der pennsylvaniadeutschen Syntax,” Freie Universität Berlin.

7/08 “The Influence of German on American English,” Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg.

6/08 “Deutsch und Deutschsprecher in Wisconsin,” Madison-Freiburg Sister City Celebration, Freiburger Rathaus.

6/08 “Kontaktphänomene in deutsch-amerikanischen Sprachvarietäten,” Universität Heidelberg.

5/08 “Das Wisconsin-Pommersche im Spiegel deutsch-amerikanischer Sprachvarietäten,” 121. Jahresversammlung des Vereins für Niederdeutsche Sprachforschung, Lemgo (Nordrhein-Westfalen).

3/08 “Pennsylvania Dutch: A North American Language ‘mit Migrationshintergrund’,” Workshop on Language, Migration, and Identity in the United States, University of Luxembourg.

3/08 “Pennsylvaniadeutsch in Geschichte und Gegenwart,” 3. Deidesheimer Gespräche zur Sprach- und Kulturgeschichte, Deidesheim (Pfalz).

2/08 “Structural Convergence in Pennsylvania Dutch,” Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft, Bamberg.

1/08 “American Structuralism: Leonard Bloomfield and His Impact on American Linguistics,” Hermann-Paul-Centrum für Linguistik, Universität Freiburg.

1/08 “Verbcluster im Pennsylvaniadeutschen,” Linguistisches Kolloquium, Philipps-Universität Marburg.

12/07 “Deutsch-englischer Sprachkontakt am Beispiel des Pennsylvaniadeutschen,” Universität Bielefeld, Universität Freiburg.

9/07 “Was ist Pennsylvaniadeutsch?” Deutsch-Pennsylvanischer Tag 2007, Domherrenhof, Essenheim.


6/07 “Milwaukee’s German and Jewish Heritage,” Here at Home Cultural Tour, Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures, UW–Madison.

6/07 “Amish Linguistics: An Overview,” The Amish in America: New Identities and Diversities, Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College.

4/07 “Synchronic and Diachronic Aspects of Verb Clusters in Pennsylvania Dutch,” Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference–13, Penn State University.

4/07 Workshop on Pennsylvania German, jointly presented with Joshua Brown and B. Richard Page, GLAC–13, Penn State University.

3/07 “American Languages: Documenting Cultural Heritage through Language Preservation,” WebWise 2007: Stewardship in the Digital Age, Institute of Museum and Library Services, Washington, D.C.

12/06 “Amish in North America,” In Search of a New World: Mennonites and Amish in the Americas (lecture series), Max Kade Institute, UW–Madison.

9/06 “In Their Own Words: Migration and Identity in Interviews with German (Dialect) Speakers,” co-presented with Dr. Peter Wagener (IDS–Mannheim) at The German Language and Migration in International Perspective (conference), Max Kade Institute/Center for German and European Studies, UW–Madison.

9/06 “Erhalt und Wandel in der pennsylvaniadeutschen Syntax: Infinitivkonstruktionen,” 2. Internationaler Kongress für Dialektologie des Deutschen, Vienna.


6/06 “Milwaukee’s German and Jewish Heritage,” Here at Home Cultural Tour, Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures, UW–Madison.

5/06 “Telling Stories, Teaching Content,” Keynote Address, 2006 Teaching and Learning Symposium, UW–Madison.

5/06 “German-American Sound Recordings from the American Languages Project,” Joint Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania German Society and the Society for German-American Studies, Lancaster, PA.

3/06 “Pennsylvaniadeutsch: Geschichte, Gegenwart und Zukunft einer nordamerikanischen Sprache,” Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache, Berlin.

3/06 “Konvergenz und Divergenz in der pennsylvaniadeutschen Syntax,” Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.


7/05 “Yiddish in America,” “Yiddish in Milwaukee: The Milvoker Vokhenblat,” presented at the Greenfield Summer Institute/Mosse Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies, UW–Madison.

10/04 “Synthesis in Pennsylvania German Culture and Language,” presented at the symposium The German Presence in the United States, University of Bielefeld, Germany.

9/04 “The Limits of Contact-Induced Change in Pennsylvania German,” Linguistics Colloquium, Penn State University.


7/04 “Syntaxwandel im Pennsylvaniadeutschen,” Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken.

7/04 “Deutsch in den USA,” Philipps-Universität Marburg.

6/04 “Spracherhalt und Sprachverlust in der pennsylvaniadeutschen Gesellschaft,” Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.

11/03 “Pennsylvania Dutch Language and Culture Past and Present,” American Association of Teachers of German Annual Meeting, Philadelphia (presented in a special session I organized titled Teaching Pennsylvania Dutch Language and Culture).


7/03 “How Yiddish Came to Be” and “Yiddish in America,” Mosse-Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies Greenfield Summer Institute, UW–Madison.

3/03 “Grundzüge der pennsylvaniadeutschen Satzstruktur,” 1. Internationaler Dialektologenkongress, Internationale Gesellschaft für die Dialektologie des Deutschen, Marburg.

1/03 “Subordinate Clause Structure in Pennsylvania German,” Forum for Germanic Language Studies/Society for Germanic Linguistics Joint Meeting, London.


6/02 “Deitsch statt deutsch: Geschichte und Zukunft des Pennsylvaniadeutschen,” Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache, Heidelberg; also presented in Wiesbaden.

6/02 “The Morphosyntax of Kaspar Hauser,” Dept. of Linguistics, Free University Amsterdam; also presented at the University of Marburg and the University of Tübingen.

5/02 “The Language of Kaspar Hauser,” Dept. of Language and Linguistics, University of Essex, UK.

4/02 “Earlier Pennsylvania German Clausal Structure,” Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference-8, Indiana University.

11/01 “The Language of Kaspar Hauser,” University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign.

10/01 “Pennsylvania German during the Past Hundred Years: History and Outlook,” The Pennsylvania State University. (Also presented German version, “Die Pennsylvaniendeutschen und ihre Sprache.”)


7/01 Workshop on language change and language contact (in conjunction with Prof. Joe Salmons, UW–Madison), University of Heidelberg, Germany. Presentations: “Spracherwerb und Sprachwandel”; “Sprachkontaktdynamik: Konvergenz und Divergenz im Pennsylvaniadeutschen” (latter talk also given at University of Marburg).

3/01 “The Limits of Contact-Induced Convergence: Patterns of Preservation and Change in Pennsylvania German,” University of Kansas.

11/00 “Kaspar Hauser and the Language of ‘Wild Children’,” invited presentation, Dept. of Foreign Languages, University of North Texas.

10/00 “Invoking Contact-Induced Change with Caution: Evidence from Pennsylvania German,” Workshop on Comparative Linguistics, Purdue University.

10/00 “Colloquial and Nonstandard Speech and the Syntax-Semantics Interface,” UW Dept. of Linguistics Colloquium.

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Courses Taught

University of Wisconsin–Madison

GraduateComparative Germanic SyntaxGerman Dialect SyntaxGerman DialectologyGerman for Reading Knowledge IIThe German Language and Immigration in International Perspective (collaborative seminar taught with Rob Howell and Joe Salmons [UW–Madison]; Paul Roberge [UNC–Chapel Hill]; Carol W. Pfaff [FU–Berlin]; Harald Weydt and Peter Rosenberg [Europa Universität Viadrina/Frankfurt an der Oder])German SociolinguisticsGerman SyntaxHistorical German SyntaxSpoken GermanSyntactic Development and Syntactic Change

Undergraduate/GraduateAcquisition of GermanGerman and English in ContactGerman as a Global LanguageThe German Language in AmericaPennsylvania German Language and CultureYiddish Language and Culture (crosslisted with Jewish Studies)

UndergraduateThe Amish (Religious Studies)The German Presence in WisconsinIntermediate German: Speaking and Listening (designed, supervised, and taught)Introduction to German LinguisticsVariation im gesprochenen Deutsch (Academic Year in Freiburg course)

Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

VorlesungenDeutsch und seine internationale StellungDie deutsche Sprache in AmerikaSprachkontakt Deutsch-Englisch

ProseminarePennsylvaniadeutsche Sprache und KulturSprache und Kultur der Amish People: Erhalt, Variation und WandelVariation und Wandel im Pennsylvaniadeutschen

HauptseminareMorphologie und Syntax von Sprachinseldialekten (with Prof. Dr. Guido Seiler)Semantik, Pragmatik und Syntax des PennsylvaniadeutschenSyntax deutsch-amerikanischer Sprachvarietäten

Philipps-Universität Marburg

Syntaxwandel: Deutsch/Englisch kontrastiv (Vorlesung)Deutsch in den USA (Proseminar)Syntax der deutschen Dialekte in Europa und Übersee (Hauptseminar)

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

Major Works of Linguistic TheoryEnglish-German Contrastive Syntax

KlezKamp Madison 2011

Beginning YiddishYiddish in the Midwest

University of Texas at Austin

Graduate (all crosslisted with Linguistics)Major Works of Twentieth-Century Linguistic Theory (also crosslisted with Anthropology, French and Italian)German SyntaxGerman Phonetics and PhonologyAcquisition of GermanDiachronic Germanic LinguisticsProblems of Language Contact in Germanic Languages

Organized graduate conference coursesTopics in German GB SyntaxAdvanced Topics in German Sociolinguistics

Upper-Division (3rd/4th-year) Undergraduate (all crosslisted with Linguistics)Structure of GermanSociolinguistics of German-Speaking SocietyGerman DialectologySociolinguistics of Dutch and Frisian

otherAdvanced German GrammarThe Amish in America (crosslisted with Sociology and American Studies)Historical Backgrounds of German CivilizationJ. S. Bach and His Work (crosslisted with Music)

Lower-Division (1st/2nd-year) UndergraduateAccelerated First-Year GermanSecond-Year German ISecond-Year German II

Cornell University, Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics

Continuing German (Teaching Assistant, 1986–1987; Course Head/Instructor, summer 1987)Beginning German (Teaching Assistant, 1985–1986; summer 1986; fall 1987; Visiting Lecturer, summer 1988)

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Completed Reports, Theses, and Dissertations (Co-)Directed

2017  Stark, Joel R. (Ph.D.) Sociolinguistic and Structural Aspects of Pennsylvania Dutch in the Nineteenth Century: An Analysis of the Reading Adler and the Dialect Letters of Dr. Frank R. Brunner

2016  Otte-Ford, T. Clinton. (Ph.D.) The Context of Discontinuity: Syntactic and Information Structural Aspects of Discontinuous Structures in Immediate Language Discourse in German

2012  Gougeon, Elliott E. (Ph.D.) Determiner Syntax in Middle Low German: Evidence from the Lübecker Ratsurteile

2011  Ruf, Helena T. (Ph.D.) An Investigation of Syntactic Priming among German Speakers at Varying Proficiency Levels

2008  Dubenion-Smith, Shannon A. (Ph.D.) Verbal Complex Phenomena in the West Central German Dialects

2007  Martinson, Kirk R. (Ph.D.) Emerging Syntax in Early Second Language Learners: Cross-Linguistic Influence in Early German Immersion Students

2005  Jackson, Carrie N. (Ph.D.) The Sentence-Level Processing of Case Markings and Word Order by Native and Non-Native Speakers of German

2004  Miller, Kimberly A. (Ph.D.) The Syntax of R-Pronouns in German and Dutch: Synchrony and Diachrony

2003  O’Brien, Mary Grantham. (Ph.D.) Longitudinal Development of L2 German Vowels

2000  Hoskins, Sara E. (M.A.) The First Grammatical Treatise and American Structuralism

2000  Adamson, Brent M. (Ph.D.) Naturalistic versus Formal Foreign Language Learning: An Analysis of Upper-Division German Students’ Oral Proficiency in Nominal Inflection and Word Order

1999  Somerholter, Kerstin E. (Ph.D.) Language Contact and Shift in the Soviet German Speech Community

1999  Taleghani-Nikazm, Carmen M. (Ph.D.) Politeness in Native-Nonnative Speakers’ Interaction: Some Manifestations of Persian Taarof in the Interaction among Iranian Speakers of German with German Native Speakers

1999  Altanero de la Santísima Metáfora, Timothy (Ph.D.) Power Indexation in Language Choice in a South African Indian Community

1999  Ferguson, Angela D. (M.A.) Language and Music in the Works of Martin Luther

1999  Grantham, Mary C. (M.A.) The Acquisition of German Phonology by Children

1999  Volk, Kevin M. (M.A.) Understanding Language Change: Phonetics, Phonology, and Child Language Acquisition

1998  Stewart, John M. (M.A.) A Contrastive Typological Analysis of English, German, and Swedish

1997  Kaufmann, Göz. (Second Reader for Ph.D., University of Heidelberg; Prof. Klaus J. Mattheier, Chair) Varietätendynamik in Sprachkontaktsituationen (published with Peter Lang/Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1997)

1996  Bigsby, Laura K. (M.A. report, 1 of 2) An Overview of the Use of the Bavarian Dialect in Various Social Situations

1995  Adamson, Brent M. (M.A. report, 1 of 2) William Dwight Whitney: The Proto-Modern Linguist

1993  Balkum, Lori A. H. B. (M.A.) A Discussion of Current Second Language Acquisition Theory and its Subsequent Implications for Classroom Instruction

1993  Reinke, Cindy Lue. (M.A. report, 1 of 2) Mentalist versus Mechanist Approaches to First Language Acquisition

1992  Cline-Bailey, Jerry. (Ph.D.) Creole-Source Language Linguistic Relatedness: Implications for Krio and English

1992  Chavez, Monika M. Th. (Ph.D.) Cognitive Constraints on Accuracy in Verbal Inflection and Word Order in German as a Foreign Language

1991  Stephani, Michael (M.A.) Applied Linguistics: Aspects and Relevance of SOV in German

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Modern Languages

near-native: Pennsylvania Dutch, Germanfluent: French, Dutchvery good: Yiddishbasic: Russian, ASLreading: Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Afrikaans, Frisian, Spanish, Tagalog

Germanic Dialects

Gothic, (Runic), Old Norse, Old and Middle English, Old Saxon, Middle Dutch, Middle Low German, Old and Middle High German

Professional Memberships

American Association of Teachers of GermanAmerican Dialect SocietyDeutsch-Pennsylvanischer ArbeitskreisDeutsche Gesellschaft für SprachwissenschaftGesellschaft für deutsche SpracheInternationale Gesellschaft für Dialektologie des DeutschenLinguistic Society of AmericaPennsylvania German SocietySociety for Germanic Linguistics

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